The diamond is the birthstone of April and has its name from the Greek word “adamas”, meaning the invincible. It holds a very special place in my heart, as it was my first introduction to the world of gemstones. No material made by nature is as hard as the diamond – the higher the hardness the better reflection of light. The diamond is the most valuable and prestigious gemstone of all. It is steeped in history and legends, as it has always been adored by mankind. Read on, if you would like to know more about the precious diamond! ♡ Shiri.
Diamond is the birthstone of April. Wearing your birthstone is said to bring good fortune and health to the wearer. A piece of jewellery set with a sparkling diamond will inevitably make a meaningful gift for a special occasion, such as a birthday or the celebration of an anniversary.
Diamonds are gifted on the 10th, 60th and 75th wedding anniversary. As this gemstone is often associated with everlasting love and beauty, it is bound to make a very precious gift for your loved one.
The spiritual qualities of the diamond include; Love, harmony, strength and prosperity. The diamond is a wonderful gemstone for love, as it is considered to strengthen bonding and trust within relationships. This incredible gemstone is also said to a clear the mind and stimulate creativity, as well as being a stone of strength and invincibility.
The earliest recording of diamonds is dated almost 3000 years ago, in India, who was the main supplier of diamonds for many years. In India, diamonds were not cut, as it was believed to destroy their magical abilities. Diamond cutting began in Europe around the year 1300, and as the gemstone grew more popular, experimentation with various styles of cutting began, with the intent to optimize the diamonds display of light. In 1919 the brilliant cut was invented in Europe. This cut was worked out to have 58 precise angles to achieve maximum brilliance within the stone and is the standard cut for diamonds today. The tradition of diamond engagement rings began when Arch Duke Maximilian of Austria, gifted a diamond ring to Princess Mary of Burgundy in 1477. However, it was not until after World War II, that the sale of diamond engagement rings increased drastically, due to a rather successful marketing campaign from the British diamond company, De Beers, with the slogan “A diamond is forever”.
The ancient Rome and Greece, it was believed that diamonds were tears of the gods or splinters of falling stars. It was also told, that Cupids arrows were tipped with diamonds and held magic powers. The greek philosopher Plato, has also described diamonds as living beings that embodied celestial spirits. In other cultures the diamond was believed to be a stone of truth. As the precious gem was placed in front of a person, it was said to either sparkle or turn dark and cloudy according to the persons innocence or guilt.
Diamonds are made from carbon and form more than 150 kilometres below the surface of the Earth, due to extremely high temperature and pressure. Today, diamonds are mainly sourced in South Africa, Botswana, Angola, Russia and Canada. The hardness of the diamond is categorized at 10 on the Mohs' scale of hardness and is the hardest naturally occurring material. The diamond is known to be a clear gemstone but can occur in many colours. When some atoms of carbon are replaced by nitrogen as the crystal is formed, it results in a yellow or brown shade. Black diamonds are usually coloured by inclusions of sulfides or graphite within the gemstone. The diamond can also attain more vivid colours such as deep yellow, green, pink, blue and red. Diamonds of these saturated colours are called “fancy coloured”, and are highly valuable and rare. When assessing the quality of a diamond, it is graded according to the 4 C’s: colour, clarity, carat and cut.